10 Moses' victory against Amalakites

UNIT #: 
II
Lesson Theme: 
Faith and intercession
Aim: 

Moses' faith in God and his intercession helps Israelites win against Amalakites

Bible Passage: 

Exodus 17:10-16

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

10 So Joshua did as Moses told him, and fought with Amalek, while Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 11 Whenever Moses held up his hand, Israel prevailed; and whenever he lowered his hand, Amalek prevailed. 12 But Moses’ hands grew weary; so they took a stone and put it under him, and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side; so his hands were steady until the sun set. 13 And Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the sword.

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a reminder in a book and recite it in the hearing of Joshua: I will utterly blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.” 15 And Moses built an altar and called it, The Lord is my banner. 16 He said, “A hand upon the banner of the Lord! The Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.”

Teacher’s Preparation: 

The Amalekites were mentioned a number of times in the book of Genesis, and considered to be Amalek's descendants. In the chant of Balaam at Numbers, 24:20, Amalek was called the 'first of the nations'.

Reason for God's enmity with Amalekites is mentioned in Deuteronomy 25:17 “Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you came out of Egypt, 18 how he attacked you on the way when you were faint and weary, and cut off your tail, those who were lagging behind you, and he did not fear God. 19 Therefore when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies around you, in the land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven; you shall not forget."

God's command to Saul (1 Sam. 15:2-3):

"2 Thus says the Lord of hosts, ‘I will punish the Amalekites for what they did in opposing the Israelites when they came up out of Egypt. 3 Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.’”

"Saul's army destroyed most of the people, but left some of the people and livestock alive (1 Samuel 15:8-9) against God's command. Saul and tribal leaders also hesitated to kill king Agag, so Samuel himself executed the Amalekite king (1 Samuel 15:33).

Saul's failure to obey this command cost him his kingship. "1 Samuel 28:16 Samuel said, “Why then do you ask me, since the Lord has turned from you and become your enemy? 17 The Lord has done to you just as he spoke by me; for the Lord has torn the kingdom out of your hand, and given it to your neighbor, David. 18 Because you did not obey the voice of the Lord, and did not carry out his fierce wrath against Amalek, therefore the Lord has done this thing to you today. 19 Moreover the Lord will give Israel along with you into the hands of the Philistines; and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with me; the Lord will also give the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines.”

Main Ideas: 

In this lesson, we see the battle between Israelites and Amalekites in Rephidim. Moses told Joshua to pick his best men to fight and Moses went up the hill with Aaron and Hur to hold the staff of God in his hands.

Faith and Intercession

Deep faith, humbleness, obedience to God’s commands and intercession for others are the main characteristics that stands out about Moses. Moses was not convinced on assuming the leadership for delivering Israelites from slavery in Egypt. However God used the staff as an instrument representing His presence to give him confidence and power to perform in front of elders of the Israelites and Pharaoh. Just as the presence of God boosted his confidence, Moses is inspiring Joshua to fight with Amalekites by promising to hold the staff of God.

God helped Joshua seeing the faith of Moses. Exodus 17:11"As long as Moses held up his hands, the Israelites were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the Amalekites were winning". When Moses was tired of holding the staff, Aaron and Hur helped him by moving in a stone for Moses to sit. They also helped Moses by holding up both his hands on either side. There were only a few among those Israelites who truly believed in God that he is the deliverer for them. Through the faith and intercession of just a few leaders (Moses, Aaron, Joshua and Caleb), God spared the lives of sinful and disobedient Israelites.

God's enmity with Amalekites for generations

God’s wrath on Amalekites is explained in the Bible in Deuteronomy 25:17-19. 17 “Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you came out of Egypt, 18 how he attacked you on the way when you were faint and weary, and cut off your tail, those who were lagging behind you, and he did not fear God. 19 Therefore when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies around you, in the land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven; you shall not forget."

Obedience to God’s commands

Abraham, Moses, Joshua, Gideon, Joseph etc were leaders who found favor in God since they were faithful and obedient to God’s commands. Israel thrived to be a great nation as God promised to Abraham through faithful and obedient leaders. However, over generations, Israeli leaders gradually fell into disobedience to the Lord’s commandments provoking the wrath of God on Israelites.

In 1 Samuel 15:3  God instructs Saul “Now go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have; do not spare them, but kill both man and woman, child and infant, ox and sheep, camel and donkey.”  Saul's army destroyed most of the people, but left King Agag and healthy livestock alive (1 Samuel 15:8-9) against God's command. God appeared to Samuel and regretted his decision to make Saul as the king since he didn’t follow the command for complete destruction of Amalekites. God’s wrath fell on Saul and his sons and the Israelites into the hands of the Philistines (1 Samuel 28:19).

Activities: 

Group Debate:

Ephesians 6. 1Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honor your father and mother”—this is the first commandment with a promise: “so that it may be well with you and you may live long on the earth.

Discuss the relevance of this commandment in Exodus 20:12 in this modern era when every new generation think they are superior in knowledge to their past generation. 

Activities2: 
Lesson Review: 

Fill in the blanks

1)  Moses went up the hill with ____________ and ________ to hold the staff of God in his hands during the battle between Israelites and Amalekites in Rephidim.

2)  Exodus 17:11"As long as Moses held up his hands, the _______________ were winning, but whenever he lowered his hands, the _____________ were winning".

3)  God appeared to ____________ and regretted his decision to make ____________ as the king

Essay Questions

1) Who was in charge of fighting Amalekites ? And what was he told to do ?

 

 

2) What could be the reason for Moses to think that holding the staff will help the fight against Amalekites ?

 

 

 

3) What was the reason for God's enemity with Amelakites for generations ?

 

 

 

Values for Life: 

Intercession is when someone pleads with God on behalf of others who desperately need God's help. When God was displeased with the 600,000 Israelite men and women, intercession of Moses kept them alive from His wrath. Faith of Canaanite woman changed the decision of Jesus on blessing gentiles (Mathew 15: 22-28). Same way, Jesus was touched by the belief of the Centurion who interceded for his ill servant, immaterial  of the background of his servant (Mathew 8:5-13).  So be persistent in your faith and intercede for the salvation of the multitude of sinners around you.

Memory Verse: 

Exodus 17:15

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

15 And Moses built an altar and called it, The Lord is my banner.

Closing Prayer: 

Lord, Please give us strength to be obedient and faithful to you like Moses. Please bless your servants with the quality to understand the needs of others and intercede for them in prayers. Enable us to bear the good fruits of spirit and spread the Gospel to fulfill your will. Amen

status: 
scope and sequence