06 Boaz: Kinsman Redeemer - Man of His Word

UNIT #: 
Lesson Theme: 
Fundamentals of moral values, a blessing from God

To understand acts of kindness are measured by God and rewarded with his blessings. 

Bible Passage: 

Ruth 3:1-18

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

Ruth and Boaz at the Threshing Floor

Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, I need to seek some security for you, so that it may be well with you. Now here is our kinsman Boaz, with whose young women you have been working. See, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. Now wash and anoint yourself, and put on your best clothes and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. When he lies down, observe the place where he lies; then, go and uncover his feet and lie down; and he will tell you what to do.” She said to her, “All that you tell me I will do.”

So she went down to the threshing floor and did just as her mother-in-law had instructed her. When Boaz had eaten and drunk, and he was in a contented mood, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain. Then she came stealthily and uncovered his feet, and lay down. At midnight the man was startled, and turned over, and there, lying at his feet, was a woman! He said, “Who are you?” And she answered, “I am Ruth, your servant; spread your cloak over your servant, for you are next-of-kin.” 10 He said, “May you be blessed by the Lord, my daughter; this last instance of your loyalty is better than the first; you have not gone after young men, whether poor or rich. 11 And now, my daughter, do not be afraid, I will do for you all that you ask, for all the assembly of my people know that you are a worthy woman. 12 But now, though it is true that I am a near kinsman, there is another kinsman more closely related than I. 13 Remain this night, and in the morning, if he will act as next-of-kin for you, good; let him do it. If he is not willing to act as next-of-kin for you, then, as the Lord lives, I will act as next-of-kin for you. Lie down until the morning.”

14 So she lay at his feet until morning, but got up before one person could recognize another; for he said, “It must not be known that the woman came to the threshing floor.” 15 Then he said, “Bring the cloak you are wearing and hold it out.” So she held it, and he measured out six measures of barley, and put it on her back; then he went into the city. 16 She came to her mother-in-law, who said, “How did things go with you, my daughter?” Then she told her all that the man had done for her, 17 saying, “He gave me these six measures of barley, for he said, ‘Do not go back to your mother-in-law empty-handed.’” 18 She replied, “Wait, my daughter, until you learn how the matter turns out, for the man will not rest, but will settle the matter today.”

Teacher’s Preparation: 

Sensitivity and kindness for others goes a long way to building strong relationships. We need to pay attention to what people are going through and be ready to offer a kind word or a thoughtful gesture, even a smile. If you are successful in making a difference in others life then, you will be rewarded and blessed by God. We all should remember that showing kindness and being sensitive to others is possible only through a selfless attitude.

Helen Keller who was blind once quoted, 'As long as you sweeten others pain, your life is not in vain'.

We must remember 3-important points

1. We need to be alert to see the needy around us.

2. Cultivate a selfless attitude.

3. Try to build strong relationship with other people

Main Ideas: 

Student Introduction to the lesson:

=> Have you ever seen people who are upset and frustrated in life?

=> Did you ever think of going and talking to them, showing some kindness or even a smile?

=> We are living in a selfish world. As Christians we are commanded by God to love each other and to be sensitive to others needs.

=> This is possible only through a selfless heart.

Here’s the story of a girl in her own words who had an act of kindness and was sensitive to the need of others. She did this by giving a hug and wiping the tears. Lets read the story,

The biggest hug ever......

Last week the girl was at a CVS pharmacy to pick up some things for her mom. She needed to speak with the pharmacist about an over the counter drug and while waiting for him, she couldn't help but overhear the lady next to her. The lady was in her early 30's and appeared distraught as she talked to the pharmacy tech. It became clear that she needed medication for her child and it was $65.00 for 6 pills. She was tearing up. The girl heard the lady on the phone with her Dr.'s office, trying to find out if there was another medication that didn't cost so much. She was finding it harder and harder to hold it together and tears were running down her face when the pharmacy tech asked if she should hold the medications back for her. The girl stepped up, quietly put an arm around the lady and told her she would like to take care of this. She looked up at the girl with tears running down her face and asked "Are you sure? Oh my God!” The girl turned to the pharmacy tech and asked her to ring it up. The lady was in tears as the girl paid for the medications. The girl turned around to the lady hugged her, gave her a kiss on the cheek and told her to go take care of her child. The girl is  now on the look out for other opportunities for random acts of kindness

Ref: http://www.randomactsofkindness.org

Article source: actofkindness.org

Bible Exploration:

          In Israel, the barley harvest began in the spring. The community in Bethlehem observed God’s law concerning harvesting: “When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest…. Leave them for the poor and the alien” (Leviticus 19:9-10).

          Ruth was both poor and an alien. “As it turned out, Ruth found herself working in a field belonging to Boaz. He was a “man of his word”. Ruth continued to glean in Boaz’s field for about seven weeks, until the end of the barley and wheat harvests, around the time of Pentecost. Naomi had earlier hoped that Ruth would find “rest” Now Naomi said to Ruth, “Should I not try to find a home for you, where you will be well provided for?” (Ruth 3:1). Naomi’s hopes for Ruth now centered upon Boaz, who might act as a “kinsman-redeemer” (verses 1-9).

         A kinsman-redeemer was a relative who could redeem a poor person’s inheritance (Leviticus 25:25). In certain circumstances, where there was no heir, a near relative could act as kinsman-redeemer by marrying the relative’s widow to redeem the inheritance. A relative was not obligated to act as kinsman-redeemer, however. If no relative chose to help, the widow would probably live in poverty.

          Naomi therefore suggested to her daughter-in-law a plan of action: “Wash and perfume yourself, and put on your best clothes. Then go down to the threshing floor, but don’t let Boaz know you are there until he has finished eating and drinking. When he lies down, note the place where he is lying. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down. He will tell you what to do” (Ruth 3:3-4).

        Ruth did as Naomi told her. Something startled Boaz in the middle of the night, and he awoke to discover a woman lying at his feet. Boaz asked who she was. Ruth identified herself and then seized the initiative: “Spread the corner of your garment over me, since you are a kinsman-redeemer” (verse 9).

        Boaz felt honored by Ruth’s request because she was “a woman of noble character. Boaz informed her, however, that Naomi had a closer relative. This man had the first option to marry Ruth and redeem Naomi’s inheritance. Boaz assured Ruth that if this other relative was not prepared to act as kinsman-redeemer, then he certainly would be. Ruth would now have to wait until the matter was settled with the other relative.

             Boaz presented the case to the relative. He explained that the relative had the first right to redeem Elimelech’s land. The relative agreed to do so, but when Boaz told him that buying the land obligated him to marry Ruth, he promptly backed down — as Boaz hoped he would. Perhaps the relative feared that if he would have a son by Ruth, his investment in the new property would be transferred from his family to the family of Elimelech. Whatever the reason for the man’s refusal, the right to marry Ruth now passed to Boaz. All the people at the gate witnessed this transaction.

            In due course, Boaz married Ruth and she bore him a son, Obed. Obed later became the father of Jesse and the grandfather of David (Ruth 4:17). Through David, Ruth became an ancestor of Jesus Christ (Matthew 1:5, 16).  Boaz was sensitive to Ruth and was rewarded for his kindness. He did not look for his own reward but become ancestors of David and Jesus.  



This week visit the website

http://www.randomactsofkindness.org Click on the stories tab and read the stories of people who had shown the act kindness and was sensitive to others needs. Select any one story and present it to the class next week. Explain why you chose that story and what you liked most from their story. 

Lesson Review: 

Fill in the blanks.

  1. A ____________was a relative who could redeem a poor person’s inheritance.
  2. Naomi’s hopes for ________ now centered upon __________.
  3. Now _______ and _______ yourself, and put on your best clothes and go down to the ___________ floor.

Short Answer

  1. Do you believe that Ruth and Naomi had a tender loving relationship with each other. Why or why not? Explain.

       2. In the story of Boaz and Ruth, explain how Boaz turned out to be a Kinsman-redeemer, man of his own  word?


Values for Life: 

1. Being sensitive to others and showing kindness is something our society is lacking today.

2. Our society is filled with people who are selfish and insensitive to others feelings and needs.

3. There is no tool or technology to easy fix these issues.

4. In such situations, we must act with kindness and a helping hand to those in need, like Boaz did to Ruth eventually.

Life Response/My Decision: 

Faith in Action:

“Let us more and more insist on raising funds of love, of kindness, of understanding, of peace. Money will come if we seek first the Kingdom of God - the rest will be given”. –Mother Teresa

1. When we show the act of kindness and sensitiveness to others, we teach the society how we can make a change in others life.

2. Kindness is cultivating the fruit of spirit within us through joy, peace, patience, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.

3. The effect of kindness will reach out far beyond the point of  impact.

4. Take some time to show the act of kindness and make a difference in others life.

5. It may take courage to be the Man of his word as it did for Boaz, but if you choose to be sensitive and kind to others then your life is worth living and you will be blessed and rewarded by God. 


Memory Verse: 

Ruth 1:16

New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)

16 But Ruth said,

“Do not press me to leave you
    or to turn back from following you!
Where you go, I will go;
    where you lodge, I will lodge;
your people shall be my people,
    and your God my God.

Closing Prayer: 

Dear Lord, Thank you for teaching us the fundamentals of moral attitudes through the story for Boaz and Ruth. Help us to look for people who are in need of kindness and sensitiveness and give us a selfless heart to help our fellow brothers. In your precious name we pray, Amen.

scope and sequence


This is a well written lesson. We just have a few comments on it. 

Teacher's Preparation: While the ideas presented in this section are appropriate, please note that this section is intended to provide suggestions to the teachers on what kind of teaching techniques or activities or challenges they can use to make the lesson effective. Please change this section accordingly. 

Main Ideas: While this section describes the actions of Boaz, we need to also explain how his action was important and what are the lessons we can learn from that.